The Temasek reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Temasek

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Temasek, or 'Sea Town', was probably the name of an early city on the site of modern Singapore. The name was changed to 'Singapura' ('Lion City' in Sanskrit) around the start of the fifteenth century.

While the early history of Singapore is obscured by myth and legend, some conclusions can be drawn from archaeological evidence and from written references by travelers. Archaeology points to an urbanised settlement on the site by the fourteenth century. Allusions by travelers give some evidence that there may have been a city or town present as early as the second century. At its height, the city boasted a large earthen city wall and moat; many of the buildings were built with stone and brick foundations. Remains of old pottery, coins, jewellery & etc have been found, with many of these artifacts believed to be imported from various parts of China, India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. These are sometimes seen as evidence of the city's status as a regional trade centre.

From the seventh to the thirteenth centuries, the island of Singapore was controlled by the Srivijaya empire (based in Sumatra.) By the emergence of Temasek as a fortified city and trading centre 14th century, the Sri Vijaya empire was in a long period of decline. The city then changed hands several times before coming under the influence of the Sultanate of Malacca in the fifteenth century.

By the arrival of the British in 1819, there was only a fishing village on the site. Thus the modern city of Singapore, while on the same spot as Temasek, is not truly the same city.

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