The Stagecraft reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Stagecraft

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Stagecraft is a loose term that refers to just about anything that happens backstage before, during, and after a theatrical production.

It is comprised of many disciplines, typically divided into five main sections:

In its most basic incarnation, stagecraft may consist of a sole Stage Manager, who sets up all the scenery, organizes the cast, and runs the lighting instruments. At the full-time professional end of the spectrum, modern Broadway and opera, stagecraft and tech for a production may include hundreds of skilled carpenters, painters, electricians, stagehands, seamstresses, wigmakers, etc. In this form, modern stagecraft is a highly technical and specialized field, with many sub-disciplines and a vast trove of history and tradition.

The majority of stagecraft is practiced in an environment somewhat between those two extremes, with a dedicated crew of people of the various disciplines working together with the actors and directorss to pull together a successful production.

See also: Technical theatre