The Southampton reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Southampton

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This page discusses the English city of Southampton. For other places named Southampton, see Southampton (disambiguation).


City ofSouthampton
Image:EnglandSouthampton.png
Southampton, with a population of 215,000, is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. It is the closest city to the New Forest and lies at the northern-most point of Southampton Water approximately halfway between Portsmouth and Bournemouth.

Although historically a part of the county of Hampshire, the city became an independent unitary authority in local government re-organisations on April 1, 1997. This makes Southampton an administrative county in its own right though it remains part of Hampshire for ceremonial purposes and in common usage. Under the name of Southampton there are several districts within the city, including Woolston, Bitterne, Portswood, Bassett, Shirley, Millbrook and Swaythling.

In common with many British towns and cities, such as Coventry and Plymouth, it was heavily bombed during the Second World War. Many historic buildings were lost as a result but the old city walls remain, as does the Bargate, formerly the main gateway to the city, located at the northern end of the walls. There are numerous large parks in the city centre.

The city is home to the University of Southampton, Southampton Institute, and the Ordnance Survey. It is run by Southampton City Council.

The outstanding harbour means it is the principal port on the south coast, and one of the largest in the UK. Sailing is a popular sport here.

Southampton Football Club (a.k.a. the "Saints") is also based here. It was a Southampton team member, Charles William Miller, who founded Brazil's first football club.

There are three members of parliament for the city: John Denham (Labour) for Southampton Itchen (constituency for the east of the city), Dr Alan Whitehead (Labour) for Southampton Test (the west of the city), and Sandra Gidley (Liberal Democrat) for Romsey (a small portion of the north of the city).

Table of contents
1 History
2 Nearby villages
3 Nearby rivers
4 Twin Towns
5 External links

History

Although Stone Age settlements are known to have existed in the area, the first permanent settlement was established by the Romans. Known as Clausentum, it was an important trading port for the large Roman towns of Winchester and Salisbury.

The Anglo-Saxons moved the centre of the town across the River Itchen to its present location, and it remained an important port. The Viking King Canute the Great is supposed to have defeated the Anglo-Saxon King Ethelred the Unready here in 1014. However, its prosperity was assured following the Norman Conquest in 1066, when it became the major port of transit between Winchester (then the capital of England) and Normandy.

It was sacked in 1338 by the French, including the pirate Grimaldi, who used the plunder to help found the principality of Monaco.

Southampton was awarded city status in 1964 following a royal charter.

Southampton has had a few significant impacts on global history...

Nearby villages

Nearby rivers

Twin Towns


External links


Districts of England - South East England
Adur | Arun | Ashford | Aylesbury Vale | Basingstoke and Deane | Bracknell Forest | Brighton and Hove | Canterbury | Cherwell | Chichester | Chiltern | Crawley | Dartford | Dover | Eastbourne | East Hampshire | Eastleigh | Elmbridge | Epsom and Ewell | Fareham | Gosport | Gravesham | Guildford | Hart | Hastings | Havant | Horsham | Isle of Wight | Lewes | Maidstone | Medway | Mid Sussex | Milton Keynes | Mole Valley | New Forest | Oxford | Portsmouth | Reading | Reigate and Banstead | Rother | Runnymede | Rushmoor | Sevenoaks | Shepway | Slough | Southampton | South Buckinghamshire | South Oxfordshire | Spelthorne | Surrey Heath | Swale | Tandridge | Test Valley | Thanet | Tonbridge and Malling | Tunbridge Wells | Vale of White Horse | Waverley | Wealden | West Berkshire | West Oxfordshire | Winchester | Windsor and Maidenhead | Woking | Wokingham | Worthing | Wycombe

Administrative counties with multiple districts: Berkshire - Buckinghamshire - East Sussex - Hampshire - Kent - Oxfordshire - Surrey - West Sussex