The Public transport reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Public transport

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Public transport is the collective name for transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. It is called public transit or mass transit in the U.S.A and Canada. While it is generally taken to mean rail and bus services, wider definitions would include scheduled airline services, ferries, taxicab services etc., basically any system which is transporting members of the general public.

The term rapid transit refers to fast public transport in and around cities, such as metro systems.


Public transport can be faster than other modes of
travel; prime examples are in cities where road
congestion can be avoided, and for long distance travel
where much higher speeds are possible than are permitted
on roads.

Table of contents
1 Forms of public transport (in the broad sense)
2 Nodes and stops
3 Ticket systems
4 Funding
5 Public transport as a sleeping place
6 History
7 See also
8 External link

Forms of public transport (in the broad sense)

Some of these types are often not for use by the general public, e.g. elevators in offices and apartment buildings, buses for personnel or school children, freight trains, etc.

Nodes and stops

In addition one can alight from and usually board a taxi at any road where stopping is allowed. Some fixed route buses allow getting on and off at suitable unmarked locations along that route, typically called a hail-and-ride section.

Ticket systems

Special tickets include:

Funding

Funding for public transport systems differ widely, from systems which are run as unsubsidised commercial enterprises to systems that are free of charge:

Other transportation services may be commercial, but receive benefits from the government compared to a normal company, e.g.,

One reason many cities spend large sums on their public transport systems is that heavy automobile traffic congests city streets and causes air pollution. It is believed that well maintained, high volume public transport systems alleviate this. Many complex factors affect the outcome of spendings in public transport, so success in reducing car traffic is not always assured.

Another reason for subsidies for public transit are the provision of mobility to those who cannot afford or are physically incapable of using an automobile and those who reject its use on environmental or safety grounds.

Public transport as a sleeping place

Public transport and its terminal buildings are sometimes used by homeless people and budget tourists as a sleeping place. This can vary from the tourist who travels on purpose at night in order to sleep while travelling and dispense with the cost of a hotel, to people for whom the 'sleeping accommodation' is the purpose, and the displacement of the vehicle a somewhat inconvenient irrelevance.

For the latter a key requirement is that travelling through the night costs less than a nearby hotel. This may especially be the case with a rail or bus pass.

One example is the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) bus route 22 [1], dubbed 'Hotel 22', between Palo Alto, California and San Jose, California, (Silicon Valley), in the United States. A pass for 24 hours costs 4 dollars and one for a month 45 dollars, much less than a hotel, house or apartment.

History

Some historic forms of public transport are the horse-drawn boat and the stagecoach.

See also

Timetable, Human positions, Public transport service numbering, urban economics

External link