The Polish minority in Romania reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Polish minority in Romania

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There are over ten thousands Poles living in Romania - mainly in the villages of Suceava region. There are even three exclusively Polish villages of Nowy Soloniec, Plesza and Pojana Mikuli.

Poles in Romania are oficially recognized as national minority. As such, they have one seat in Romanian House of Deputies (currently held by Mr. Gerwazy Longher) and access to Polish elementary schools and cultural centers (known as "Polish Houses").

Polish settlement in Bucovina begins in start of 19th century, when it was part of Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was very attractive place to live because Empire's government decided not to draft recruits to its army there (the service in Austio-Hungarian army was for 14-year term then). Moreover, Bucovina was free from serfdom, attracting emigrants of German, Jewish, Czech, Russian, Italian and finally Polish nationality.

There were also probably some waves of migration from Poland after November and Kraków Uprising but most Poles were peasant families relocated there by Empire's authorities after they their participation in Jakub Szela inroad.