The National Hockey League reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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National Hockey League

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 Amateur Hockey Association (1893-1898)
 Canadian Amateur Hockey League (1899-1905)
 Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey League (1906)
 Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association (1907-1909)
 Canadian Hockey Association (1909-1910)
 National Hockey Association (1910-1917)
 National Hockey League (1917-present)

The National Hockey League is a professional sports organization comprised of ice hockey teams in Canada and the United States.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Trophies and awards
3 Organisation
4 See also
5 External Links

History

The National Hockey League, as it exists today, was formed on November 26, 1917 after a meeting between representatives of the National Hockey Association in Montreal's Windsor Hotel. The owners of the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, and Toronto Arenas decided to form a new league in order to exclude Edward J. Livingston, owner of the NHA Toronto Blueshirts franchise from being involved in their future hockey operations.

From then until the 1930s the league was successful, expanding to the United States and getting as many as fourteen teams. The Great Depression killed off all but six team, however, and from then until 1967 is known as the Original Six era.

The league doubled in size in 1967 admitting six new teams, and has been steadily expanding since then. In the 1970s the league faced stiff competition form the World Hockey Association, but this league eventually folded and four of its teams joined the NHL.

The 1990s saw another period of expansion as the league spread to the American south in an attempt to attract nationwide attention.

NHL seasons

1917-18 | 1918-19 | 1919-20 | 1920-21 | 1921-22 | 1922-23 | 1923-24 | 1924-25 | 1925-26 | 1926-27 | 1927-28 | 1928-29 | 1929-30 | 1930-31 | 1931-32 | 1932-33 | 1933-34 | 1934-35 | 1935-36 | 1936-37 | 1937-38 | 1938-39 | 1939-40 | 1940-41 | 1941-42 | 1942-43 | 1943-44 | 1944-45 | 1945-46 | 1946-47 | 1947-48 | 1948-49 | 1949-50 | 1950-51 | 1951-52 | 1952-53 | 1953-54 | 1954-55 | 1955-56 | 1956-57 | 1957-58 | 1958-59 | 1959-60 | 1960-61 | 1961-62 | 1962-63 | 1963-64 | 1964-65 | 1965-66 | 1966-67 | 1967-68 | 1968-69 | 1969-70 | 1970-71 | 1971-72 | 1972-73 | 1973-74 | 1974-75 | 1975-76 | 1976-77 | 1977-78 | 1978-79 | 1979-80 | 1980-81 | 1981-82 | 1982-83 | 1983-84 | 1984-85 | 1985-86 | 1986-87 | 1987-88 | 1988-89 | 1989-90 | 1990-91 | 1991-92 | 1992-93 | 1993-94 | 1994-95 | 1995-96 | 1996-97 | 1997-98 | 1998-99 | 1999-2000 | 2000-01 | 2001-02 | 2002-03 | 2003-04

Trophies and awards

Some of the NHL's most prestigious trophies and awards include:

The Lester Patrick Trophy has been presented by the National Hockey League since 1966 to honour a recipient's contribution to hockey in the United States.

Three years after retirement, players are eligible to be voted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. If a player is deemed important enough, however, the waiting period can be waived. This has been done 10 times.

Organisation

NHL teams (in their current incarnation)

Eastern Conference

Atlantic
Northeast
Southeast

Western Conference

Central
Northwest
Pacific

Structure

Each team in the NHL plays 82 games, 41 home and 41 on the road. Teams play teams from the other conference usually one or two times, teams in the same conference, but a different division three or four times, and teams in the same division five or six times. Two points are awarded for wins, one point for ties, one point for losing in over-time, and zero points for a loss. The top eight teams in each conference make the play-offs. The division winners are seeded one through three based on points, and the remaining five teams are seeded based on points. In the first round of the playoffs the first seed plays the eighth seed, the second plays the seventh, third plays the sixth and the fourth plays the fifth. After the first round, the teams are seeded again, based on the previous formula, and first seed plays fourth, and second plays third. In the next round, call the Conference Fianls, the two remaining teams in each conference play eachother, the winners of that play off in the
Stanley Cup finals. Each round, consists of a best of seven series, where the first team to win four games wins the series. The team with the most points at the end of the regular season always has home-ice advantage in the play-offs. In the event of a tie in points in the standings, ties are broken first by amount of wins, then by record against the team that is tied, than goals for and goals againt that team.

Presidents/Commissioners of the NHL

See also

External Links

NHL