The Music of Texas reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Music of Texas

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Texas has long been a center for musical innovation. Texans have pioneered musical developments in Tex Mex and Tejano music, punk rock, mariachi, country music and the blues. Famous Texan musicians include Willie Nelson, Lyle Lovett and Selena Quintanilla.

Music of the United States
History (Timeline and Samples)
Before 1940: Synthesis of Sources
1940s and 50s: Invention of Popular Music
1960s and 70s: Creation of a Counterculture
1980s to the present: Diversification of Styles
African American
Native American music (Inuit music>Inuit and Hawaiian)
Latin (Tejano and Puerto Rican)
Other immigrants (Jewish, European, South and East Asian, modern African, Middle-Eastern and Cajun and Creole)
Local music
AL - AK - AR - CA - CO - CT - DC - DE - FL - GA - GU - HI - ID - IL - IN - IA - KS - KY - LA - ME - MD - MA - MI - MN - MP - MS - MO - MT - NC - ND - NE - NV - NH - NJ - NM - NY - OH - OK - OR - PA - PR - RI - SC - SD - TN - TX - UT - VT - VA - VI - WA - WV - WI - WY

Table of contents
1 Tex Mex and Tejano
2 Country music
3 Punk rock
4 El Paso
5 References

Tex Mex and Tejano

Tex Mex and Tejano music was invented by Mexican communities in Texas in the early part of the 20th century. Santiago Almeida, Flaco Jimenez, and Narciso Martinez remain perhaps the most influential performers; they helped to invent conjunto. The most popular was the superstar Selena Quintanilla, who added influences from Colombian cumbia before her early death.

Country music

Honky tonk country musicians like Alvin Crow helped invent Western swing and other genres of country. Some, like Marcia Ball, combine country with Cajun influences. Ponty Bone, Joe Ely, Lloyd Maines, Butch Hancock, Terry Allen, Jimmie Dale Gilmore and Tommy Hancock, among others, helped invent the 1960s Lubbock sound, based out of Lubbock, Texas. Outlaw country was another offshoot that had roots in Texas, with Texans like Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson leading the movement, ably supported by writers like Billy Joe Shaver.

Modern musicians like the Dixie Chicks carry on the country tradition. (The lead singer, Natalie Maines, is the daughter of Lloyd Maines).

Punk rock

Texas has long had a distinctive punk rock sound spread across copious cities, especially Austin and Dallas.


Austin, Texas's liberal community helped popularize bands like The Police and Elvis Costello in the American midwest. Tex-Mex/New Wave act Joe King Carrasco & the Crowns gained some national fame. Local punk and New Wave bands in the late 1970s included The Huns and The Skunks, along with The Textones, Terminal Mind, The Violators, The Delinquents, D-Day, Delta, The Next and Standing Waves. These bands soon clashed with an influx of hardcore punk bands like Sharon Tate's Baby, The Dicks, The Offenders, The Inserts, Big Boys and MDC Stains.

San Antonio

Known primarily for Tex Mex and
heavy metal, San Antonio are known for the Butthole Surfers, a hardcore band that broke into the mainstream in the mid-1990s.


Dallas is a conservative town, and never took well to punk rock of any kind. Two notable hardcore punk acts included Stickmen With Rayguns and The Hugh Beaumont Experience. Earlier pioneers included the Vomit Pigs and The Scuds.


Houston's most influential punk bands were the hardcore Really Red and
DRI. Culturcide, Mydolls, Verbal Abuse, Stark Raving Mad, Dresden 45, Legionaire's Disease, The Hates and The Degenerates also played.

El Paso

El Paso's Tex Mex-flavored The Plugz and Ed Ivey's Rhythm Pigs launched a small scene.


Blush, Steven. American Hardcore: A Tribal History. Feral House. 2001. ISBN 0-922915-717-7