The Malaysian New Economic Plan reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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Malaysian New Economic Plan

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The New Economic Plan (NEP) is a policy that was implemented in Malaysia in 1971. The plan was spurred by Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad's book, The Malay Dilemma, which caused great controversy at the time, as it proposed strong benefits for bumiputras. As expected, the results of the plan greatly benefited the Malays, but also indirectly those of other races, some have argued. According to them, if the NEP had not been implemented, there would be a great divide, economically and socially, between the races, fomenting an uprising by the Malays like the May 13 Incident. Regardless, it is generally agreed upon by several progressive Malays and most Chinese and Indians that the NEP has outlived its usefulness and the extravagant benefits given the bumiputras should be stopped.