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Guinea

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This article is about the African republic. For other uses, see Guinea (disambiguation)

République de Guinée
Flag of Guinea IMage:guineaarms23.PNG
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Travail, Justice, Solidarité
(Work, Justice, Solidarity)
Location of Guinea
Official language French (official), Fula, Arabic, others
Capital Conakry
Capital's coordinates 9ð 30' N, 13ð 43' W
Largest City Conakry
President Lansana Conté
Prime Minister François Lonseny Fall
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 75th
245,857 km²
Negligible
Population
 - Total (Year)
 - Density
Ranked 83rd
7,466,200
30.4/km²
GDP (PPP)
 - Total (Year)
 - GDP/head
Ranked 112th
$18,690 million
$2,100
Currency Guinean franc (FG)
Time zone UTC )
Independence 2 October 1958, from France
National anthem Liberté (Liberty)
Internet TLD .GN
Calling Code224

The Republic of Guinea is a nation of northwest Africa.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Prefectures
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics

History

Main article: History of Guinea

Independent from France since 1958, Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana Conté (head of the military government) was elected president in disputed balloting. Security clampdowns continue, although not as severe as in earlier decades. Reelected in 1998, the President faced growing criticism in 1999 for his jailing of a major opposition leader and widespread economic malaise. Unrest in Sierra Leone also continued to threaten Guinea's stability.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Guinea

Prefectures

Main article: Prefectures of Guinea

Guinea is divided into 33 prefectures and one special zone (the capital, Conakry).

Geography

Main article: Geography of Guinea

The capital is Conakry.

Map of Guinea

Economy

Main article: Economy of Guinea

Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains a poor underdeveloped nation. The agricultural sector employs 80% of the work force. Guinea possesses over 25% of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second largest bauxite producer. The mining sector accounted for about 75% of exports in 1998. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. The government made encouraging progress in budget management in 1997-99. Even with a recovery in prices for some of Guinea's main commodity exports, annual GDP is unlikely to increase by more than 5% in 2000-2001.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Guinea

Culture

Main article: Culture of Guinea

Miscellaneous topics


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