The East River reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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East River

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This entry is about the East River in New York City. For the East River in China, please see Dongjiang River; there are also two East Riverss in the U.S. state of Virginia.''

The lower section of East River in New York CityEnlarge

The lower section of East River in New York City

The East River is shown in red on a satellite photo of New York CityEnlarge

The East River is shown in red on a satellite photo of New York City

The East River is a tidal strait in New York City connecting Upper New York Bay on its south end to Long Island Sound on its north end. It separates Long Island (the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn) from the island of Manhattan and the Bronx. It was once known as Sound River.

It is spanned by eight bridges, which from north to south are:

A total of thirteen tunnels run under the East River. Two of them, the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and Queens-Midtown Tunnel, carry automobile traffic. One carries inter-city and commuter railroad traffic connecting to Penn Station. The remaining ten carry subway traffic.

The Bronx River drains into the East River in the northern section of the strait.

North of Ward's Island, it is joined by the Bronx Kill. Along the east of Ward's Island, at approximately the strait's midpoint, the it narrows into a channel called Hell Gate, which is spanned by both the Triborough Bridge and the Hell Gate Bridge. On the south side of Ward's Island, it is joined by the Harlem River.

Newton Creek on Long Island drains into the East River, forming the boundary between Queens and Brooklyn.

The East River contains a number of islands, including: