Caucasuseastern Europe and western Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands. The highest peak is Elbrus (5642m).
The independent nations that comprise today's Caucasus include Russia (Northern Caucasus district), Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Large, non-independent areas of the Caucasus include Ossetia, Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan, among others. The Caucasus is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse places on earth.
The southern section of the Caucasus is known as the Transcaucasus.
- The Arab-Khazar Wars
- Conquest of the Caucasus by Russia
- Armenian Genocide
- 1991: Re-establishment of the independence of Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan