The 1995 Atlantic Hurricane season reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004
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1995 Atlantic Hurricane season

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The 1995 Atlantic Hurricane season was one of the most active seasons in sxity-two years. There were nineteen storms, the second most on record, 1933 having the most with twenty-one. There were eleven hurricanes, the second most hurricanes in one season.

Table of contents
1 Florida Pandhandle Gets Slammed
2 The Biggest Storms of the Season
3 Why was the season so BIG?
4 1995 Hurricane Season List
5 Retirement
6 See also
7 External Links

Florida Pandhandle Gets Slammed

1994 started the revolution of the Florida panhandle being hit by tropical storms and hurricanes. Tropical storm Alberto hit the panhandle with 65 mph winds. Tropical Storm Beryl hit the same area with the same results.

The 1995 hurricane season began with the Florida panhandle once again being a magnet for hurricanes. On June 3, Hurricane Allison hit Pensacola, Florida as a category one hurricane with 75 mph winds. Like Alberto and Beryl, it brung heavy rain and flooding to the panhandle. It became the earliest storm to go all the way to hurricane status. Allison would be used again in 2001 and would become the first tropical storm to be retired.

Things slowed down a bit with Barry, Chantal, and Dean, but the season rebounded with Hurricane Erin. Erin was a bit stronger with winds of 85 mph. It first made landfall near Tampa then hit the Florida panhandle.

The Biggest Storms of the Season

Things would be slow down again with Felix, Gabrielle, Humberto, Iris, Jerry, and Karen. Luis wreaked havoc in the Leeward Islands killing 16 and causing nearly $2.5 billion in damage. Marilyn was also a notable storm from this season. She slammed into the Lesser Antilles with category two and three winds.

Hurricane Opal

The strongest storm of the season would be Opal. Hurricane Opal formed in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean on September 23. It made landfall in the Florida panhandle in the late evening hours on October 3 as a category four hurricane. However, the top story to most people in Florida was not Hurricane Opal but the verdict of The O.J. Simpson Trial.

Opal killed 59 people: 13 from flooding in Guatemala, 19 in Mexico also from flooding, and nine in the United States. One was killed in Florida from a tornado. The other eight were killed from falling trees in Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina.

Opal caused $3 billion dollars in damage, making it the third costliest hurricane of the 20th century. Only Hurricane Hugo ($7 billion) andZ Hurricane Andrew ($26 billion) caused more damage.

And It's Not Over Yet!

Roxanne would be next big storm. A tropical depression became Tropical Storm Roxanne on October 9 and became Hurricane Roxanne in the early morning hours on the 10th. She made landfall near Tulum, a small town near Cozumel, Mexico as a category one hurricane.

Roxanne resulted in 14 deaths. Five of them coming from the sinking of a petroleum-work barge with 245 people on board. There was massive damage in Mexico. The cities of Campeche and Carmen were compeletely destroyed.

This area had been affected by Opal a week before and all damage could not be sorted out from Opal and Roxanne. Damage was estimated in the neighborhood of $1.5 billion.

1995 Ends With Tanya

The season would end with Hurricane Tanya. Tanya formed on October 27 as a subtropical storm. It became more developed on the 28th forming a small eye. Later that day, it became a hurricane. Tanya moved west toward Bermuda, but a cold front was in the area, and the storm veered away from Bermuda. The storm was then on a north-northeast track to the Azores. It became extratropical on November 3.

Why was the season so BIG?

The reason for the nineteen storms forming was that we were in a strong La Nina pattern. La Nina tends to act as a hurricane steroid, forming a more than normal amount of hurricanes by warming waters in the Atlantic. There were five major hurricanes for the season, and as many as five storms existed from August 22 to September 1 (Humberto, Iris, Jerry, Karen, and Luis). The last time this occurred was 1971. A total of seven storms formed in August, a record for the month.

This season also went down to the "T" named storm. Since the NHC started naming hurricanes, a season has not gotten this far in the list before or since.

1995 Hurricane Season List

Retirement

The World Meterological Organization retired four names in the
spring of 1996: Luis, Marilyn, Opal, and Roxanne. They were replaced in 2001 by Lorenzo, Michelle, Olga, and Rebekah.

See also

tropical cyclone, Lists of tropical cyclone names, List of notable tropical cyclones

External Links